What You Need to Know About Eating Safe Fruits and Vegetables

Leafy greens

In this day and age of the deluge of bad news, everyone does their best to filter out the pertinent information about what will affect their health and safety. In this article we’re going to do some filtering for you and review important information about the safety of your fresh fruits and vegetables. We’ll offer resources and solutions along the way, so that you can be proactive and take care of your health.

Food Contamination

Everyone’s been abuzz about the surprising findings of a recent Center for Disease Control (CDC) study that concluded that leafy greens (lettuce and spinach) caused more food borne illness (1 in 5) than any other type of food from 1998-2008. Over the course of these ten years, leafy greens caused an approximate average of 960,000 illnesses per year. The good news, if it can be seen that way, is that these illnesses were not the most dangerous. Infected poultry caused the most deaths. Either way, who wants to worry if their healthy greens are safe or not?

When taking an anecdotal look at the headlines, this trend doesn’t seem to be specific to conventionally grown or organically grown foods. Rather, it seems to be a product of our industrial food system, but no fingers are being pointed yet as to the cause of the contamination. In August 2012, Dole Fresh Vegetables recalled cases of bagged salad from 8 states and, in September 2012, Kroger recalled spinach sold at stores in 15 states after both tested positive for Listeria monocytogenes bacteria. In February 2013, Taylor Farms voluntarily recalled organic baby spinach from 35 states that tested positive for E. Coli contamination. The baby spinach was sold under Walmart’s Marketside Organic and The Kroger Co.’s Simple Truth Organic brand.

Whether buying from the big chain grocery store or your farmer’s market or plucking your food straight from your garden it is always a good idea to wash your vegetables thoroughly before eating. The big difference is that when you grow your own food you know what you’ve put on it and in the soil. You know how it was cleaned, packaged and transported and you have the power to make it as safe as you can for you and your family.


Winter lettuce growing in a greenhouse

While growing an organic garden is the best way to steer clear of pesticides in your produce, it’s not realistic to think that you’re going to be able to grow every bit of produce you’d like to eat throughout the year. For those of you that can’t fathom buying all organic, there are some educated choices you can make to keep your pesticide exposure down.

One fantastic resource is the website What’s on my food?. They list many common fruits and vegetables along with the pesticides used on them, the percentage of the time the pesticides are found, AND the toxicity of these pesticides. Their charts are simple and easy to read and they have an iPhone app you can download for use in real-time while shopping or use their website while shopping. Still sound too complicated?

The best rule of thumb to follow is the Environmental Working Group’s “Dirty Dozen” list (EWG Shopper’s Guide). This is a simple, easy to memorize the list of the fruits and vegetables that are the most pesticide laden. Recently they came out with the “Clean 15” to show the conventionally grown fruits and vegetables likely to have the lowest amounts of pesticides. This will help you to decide when to spend $7.00 on that small basket of organic strawberries that you really just have to have in November or if you can go with spending $4.00 on conventionally grown kiwi instead.

Want to know more about the “Dirty Dozen”? Check out this article: Dirty Dozen Foods

author avatar
Kyle joined the Growing Spaces team in 2015, and enjoys being involved in all the exciting projects and developments happening around here!I graduated from Pagosa Springs High School in 2009 and moved to Gunnison, Colorado to pursue a degree in Environmental Studies. After graduating from Western State Colorado University, I moved back to my home town Pagosa Springs. Since moving back home in 2013, I have been working to develop a farm in Arboles. In my spare time, one may find me backpacking in the wilderness, cruising on a mountain bike, slacklining in the park, or skiing Wolf Creek. I also enjoy creating art when I am not outdoors. The mediums that I enjoy working with are yarn, canvas and paint, and clay. I have been experimenting with aquapoinics and am always excited to share knowledge on the subject with others. I joined the Growing Spaces team in 2015, and enjoy being involved in all the exciting projects and developments happening around here!

1 Comment

  • It’s scary to think about how much money we have in those planters, but then it’s a pernenamt part of the house so it’s not too hard to justify the expense. We live not too far from an area that has a lot of commercial greenhouses, so there are warehouse-type businesses that are used to selling by the truckload. We made several trips with the trailer in order to fill them up for a lot less money than if we had gone to a local garden store or Home Depot.Much of the mixture is a 50/50 mix of peat moss and vermiculite. Added in is some compost and some Fafard 3B potting soil. The 3-B is an inexpensive commercial potting soil mix that has a lot of ground pine bark in it. The bottom part is plain 3-B potting soil since it is the least expensive part and it is below the root zone for the most part.Yes, that is actually a waterproof sealer that we added to keep water from seeping in through the cracks between the blocks. The folks who laid the block did it as if it were a house, so the outside was nicely finished, but the inside was a bit rough. My main concern was the moisture seeping out and causing a lot of mildew and algae growing on the outside and looking ugly. Although the utility aspect is the main focus, the aesthetic part of gardening is important to me also.One thing I learned when putting the sealer on is that after you mix the water in, it takes several minutes for it to thicken up enough to use. I ended up wasting a lot of it trying to get the right consistency.If I were to build another one, I would probably only go 2 rows high rather than the 3 that we used with these two. It sure is nice and comfortable to work with, but I’m not sure it was worth the extra expense now that it’s finished.

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